La letteratura scientifica ha pubblicato più di 1300 studi sugli effetti positivi del sulforafano contenuto nei germogli di broccolo. Tali effetti vanno dalla cura del cancro, dei disturbi intestinali, del parkinson, dei disordini alimentari e molto altro.
Riportiamo una parte di questa letteratura con una serie di articoli in lingua inglese che illustrano come il sulforafano sia un alleato importante per la salute umana.
Cancer & Carcinogens
The dietary isothiocyanate sulforaphane targets pathways of apoptosis, cell cycle arrest, and oxidative stress in human pancreatic cancer cells and inhibits tumor growth in severe combined immunodeficient mice.
N.-A. Pham, J. W. Jacobberger, A. D. Schimmer, P. Cao, M. Gronda, D. W. Hedley
Mol. Cancer Ther., October 1, 2004; 3(10): 1239 – 1248.
Broccoli sprouts: an exceptionally rich source of inducers of enzymes that protect against chemical carcinogens.
Fahey JW, Zhang Y, Talalay P.
Brassica Chemoprotection Laboratory and Department of Pharmacology and Molecular Sciences, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, USA
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Vol. 94, pp. 10367-10372, September 16, 1997.
Sulforaphane inhibits prostate carcinogenesis and pulmonary metastasis in TRAMP mice in association with increased cytotoxicity of natural killer cells.
Singh SV, Warin R, Xiao D, Powolny AA, Stan SD, Arlotti JA, Zeng Y, Hahm ER, Marynowski SW, Bommareddy A, Desai D, Amin S, Parise RA, Beumer JH, Chambers WH.
Department of Pharmacology and Chemical Biology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, USA
Cancer Res. 2009 Mar 1;69(5):2117-25. Epub 2009 Feb 17.
Sulforaphane induces caspase-mediated apoptosis in cultured PC-3 human prostate cancer cells and retards growth of PC-3 xenografts in vivo.
V. Singh, D. Xiao, K. L. Lew, R. Dhir, S. V. Singh
Carcinogenesis, January 1, 2004; 25(1): 83 – 90.
Thejass and Girija Kuttan
Department of Immunology, Amala Cancer Research Centre, Amala Nagar, India.
Life Sciences Volume 78, Issue 26, 22 May 2006, Pages 3043-3050
Mark V. Galan, M.D., Arfana A. Kishan, M.D., Ann L. Silverman, M.D.*.
William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, MI.
The American Journal of Gastroenterology: Volume 98, Issue 9, Supplement 1 , September 2003, Page S57
Dietary sulforaphane-rich broccoli sprouts reduce colonization and attenuate gastritis in Helicobacter pylori-infected mice and humans.
Yanaka A, Fahey JW, Fukumoto A, Nakayama M, Inoue S, Zhang S, Tauchi M, Suzuki H, Hyodo I, Yamamoto M.
Division of Clinical Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Tokyo University of Science, Tokyo, Japan.
Cancer Prev Res (Phila Pa). 2009 Apr;2(4):353-60
Broccoli ( Brassica oleracea var. italica) sprouts and extracts rich in glucosinolates and isothiocyanates affect cholesterol metabolism and genes involved in lipid homeostasis in hamsters.
Rodríguez-Cantú LN, Gutiérrez-Uribe JA, Arriola-Vucovich J, Díaz-De La Garza RI, Fahey JW, Serna-Saldivar SO.
Departamento de Biotecnología e Ingeniería de Alimentos, Tecnológico de Monterrey, Mexico.
J Agric Food Chem. 2011 Feb 23;59(4):1095-103. Epub 2011 Jan 21.
Riedl MA, Saxon A, Diaz-Sanchez D.
The Hart and Louis Laboratory, Clinical Immunology and Allergy, Department of Medicine, UCLA David Geffen School of Medicine.[Ashma] Clin Immunol. 2008 Nov 21.
Sulforaphane Protects Small Intestinal Mucosa From Aspirin/NSAID-Induced Injury by Enhancing Host Defense Systems Against Oxidative Stress and by Inhibiting Mucosal Invasion of Anaerobic Enterobacteria
Yanaka A, Sato J, Ohmori S.
Hitachi Medical Education and Research Center, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba Hospital 2-1-1, Jonan-cho, Hitachi-shi, Ibaraki-ken, 317-0077, Japan.
Curr Pharm Des. 2012 Aug 23.
Singh K1234, Susan L. Connors123, Eric A. Macklin35, Kirby D. Smith6, Jed W Fahey78, Paul Talalay78, Andrew W. Zimmerman134
- Lurie Center for Autism
- Department of Pediatrics, Massachusetts General Hospital for Children,
- Harvard Medical School
- Department of Pediatrics (Neurology), University of Massachusetts Medical School
- Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital Biostatistics Enter
- McKusick-Nathans Institute for Genetic Medicine and.
- Department of Pharmacology and Molecular Sciences, Lewis B. and Dorothy Cullman Chemoprotection Center
- The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore.
PNAS October 28, 2014 vol. 111no. 43 15550-15555
Kim HV¹, Kim HY, Ehrlich HY, Choi SY, Kim DJ, Kim Y. Amyloid
Center for Neuro-Medicine, Brain Science Institute, Korea Institute of Science and Technology, Seoul, Republic of Korea
2013 Mar;20(1):7-12. doi: 10.3109/13506129.2012.751367. Epub 2012 Dec 19.
Sulforaphane Protects Cortical Neurons against Endogenous Neurotoxins in a Model of Parkinson’s Disease
Vauzour14, M. Buonfiglio², G. Corona¹, J. Chirafisi¹, K. Vafeiadou¹, C., Angeloni², Hrelia², P. Hrelia³ and J.P.E. Spencer1
- Molecular Nutrition Group, School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy, The University of Reading, UK.
- Department of Biochemistry “G. Moruzzi”, University of Bologna, Italy.
- Department of Pharmacology, University of Bologna, Italy.
- Present address: Norwich Medical School, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of East Anglia, UK.
Yehuda H¹, Soroka Y, Zlotkin-Frušić M, Gilhar A, Milner Y, Tamir S.
Laboratory of Human Health and Nutrition Sciences, MIGAL-Galilee Technology Center, Israel.
Inflamm Res. 2012 Jul;61(7):735-42. doi: 10.1007/s00011-012-0465-3. Epub 2012 Mar 28.
Reprogramming of keratin biosynthesis by sulforaphane restores skin integrity in epidermolysis bullosa simplex.
L. Kerns1, D. DePianto, A. T. Dinkova-Kostova, P. Talalay, P. A. Coulombe
Department of Biological Chemistry, John Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore.
PNAS, September 4, 2007; 104(36): 14460 – 14465.
Nrf2 activation by sulforaphane restores the age-related decrease of TH1 immunity: Role of dendritic cells: Reverses aging mechanisms in immune system
H.-J. Kim¹, B. Barajas, M. Wang, A.E. Nel
Division of NanoMedicine, Department of Medicine, University of California.
Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (Elsevier) – Published online ahead of print 5 March 2008, doi:10.1016/j.jaci.2008.01.016
Sulforaphane Represses Matrix-Degrading Proteases and Protects Cartilage From Destruction In Vitro and In Vivo
Rose K. Davidson¹, Orla Jupp, Rachel de Ferrars, Colin D. Kay, Kirsty L. Culley, Rosemary Norton, Clare Driscoll, Tonia L. Vincent, Simon T. Donell, Yongping Bao, Ian M. Clark
University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK.
ARTHRITIS & RHEUMATISM Vol. 65, No. 12, December 2013, pp 3130–3140 DOI 10.1002/art.38133
Molecular mechanisms underlying cochlear [and macular] degeneration in the tubby mouse and the therapeutic effect of sulforaphane.
Kong L, Chen GD, Zhou X, McGinnis JF, Li F, Cao W.
Department of Ophthalmology and Dean A. McGee Eye Institute, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, USA.
Neurochem Int. 2009 Mar-Apr;54(3-4):172-9. Epub 2008 Dec 9.
Sulforaphane Induces Thioredoxin through the Antioxidant-Responsive Element and Attenuates Retinal Light Damage in Mice
Tanito M¹, H. Masutani, Y.-C. Kim, M. Nishikawa, A. Ohira, and J. Yodoi
Department of Biological Responses, Institute for Virus Research, Kyoto University, Japan.
Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci., March 1, 2005; 46(3): 979 – 987.
Rapid and sustainable detoxication of airborne pollutants by broccoli sprout beverage: results of a randomized clinical trial in China.
Egner PA1, Chen JG2, Zarth AT3, Ng DK4, Wang JB2, Kensler KH1, Jacobson LP4, Muñoz A4, Johnson JL1, Groopman JD1, Fahey JW5, Talalay P5, Zhu J2, Chen TY2, Qian GS2, Carmella SG3, Hecht SS3, Kensler TW6
- Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205 USA.
- Qidong Liver Cancer Institute, Qidong, Jiangsu, 226200 China.
- Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA.
- Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205 USA.
- Department of Pharmacology and Molecular Sciences, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205 USA.
- Department of Pharmacology & Chemical Biology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15261 USA.
Cancer Prev Res (Phila). 2014 Aug;7(8):813-23. doi: 10.1158/1940-6207.CAPR-14-0103. Epub 2014 Jun 9.
***Diseases caused by Protein Misfolding***
This is one of THE most important studies ever carried out on sulforaphane because it shows how sulforaphane helps stop a crucial mechanism called protein misfolding that causes many diseases including Type 2 Diabetes, Dementia, Huntingdon’s Disease, Cystic Fibrosis, Sickle Cell Disease and Cataracts.
Knowles TP, Vendruscolo M, Dobson CM
Department of Chemistry, University of Cambridge, UK
Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol. 2014 Jul;15(7):496.
Abstract: The phenomenon of protein aggregation and amyloid formation has become the subject of rapidly increasing research activities across a wide range of scientific disciplines. Such activities have been stimulated by the association of amyloid deposition with a range of debilitating medical disorders, from Alzheimer’s disease to type II diabetes, many of which are major threats to human health and welfare in the modern world. It has become clear, however, that the ability to form the amyloid state is more general than previously imagined, and that its study can provide unique insights into the nature of the functional forms of peptides and proteins, as well as understanding the means by which protein homeostasis can be maintained and protein metastasis avoided.[Effectively, this study suggests that this mis-folding of proteins is the genesis of many conditions associated with neurological development or neurological decay. Other studies indicate that sulforaphanes can stop or reverse this mis-folding.]